Under the constitution of India, the Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial court. It is the highest judicial court in India and thus the final court of appeal. The Supreme Court decisions and judgments are considered to be the final statement. The Supreme court is the guardian of the constitution. The people who are unsatisfied with the decisions or judgments of the High Court can appeal in the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court consists of one Chief justice of India and 30 other judges. The Chief justice and the other 30 judges are designated by the President of India. The retirement age of the Supreme Court judges is 65 years.
Everyone knows that the Supreme Court is the highest appealing court for the decisions and judgments but many interesting facts are not even mentioned by Supreme Court digests 2019. Following are some fascinating facts about the Supreme Court of India:
Before the establishment of the Supreme Court of India on 28 January 1950, the Federal court of India was the judicial body of India. The Federal Court of India was the highest judicial body of India during the British era. The Federal court of India was formed under the Government of India Act 1935 and the Privy council.
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The opening ceremony of the Supreme Court of India was organized in the parliament premises. The opening ceremony of the Supreme court was organized in the Chamber of Princes. For the period 1937-1950, the Chamber of Princess was used as the bench of the Judicature of India. Even when Supreme came into the role the Chamber of Princess was used for the same purpose until 1958, that is till it obtained its current building.
On 29 October 1954, the foundation stone of the Supreme Court building was laid by the first president of India, Dr Rajnedra Prasad.
Another interesting fact about the Supreme Court is that in the lawn premises of the Supreme Court, the artist Chintamani Kar designed a black bronze sculpture on 20 Feb 1980. The statue has a lady who is protecting or giving shelter to the child who is opening a book in his hands. This sculpture resembles the lady as Mother India and the child as the young Republic of India. The book in the statue represents the law of land whereas the balance shown in the book resembles that equal justice is given to all.
Another interesting fact about the Supreme Court is that its first woman judge of the Supreme Court of India was Fathima Beevi. Fathima Beevi was appointed to Supreme Court in 1959 and she was not only the first woman judge of the Supreme Court of India but also the first woman judge of Asia. Also, the first woman judge and the first woman judge SC judge of India were from Kerala. The first woman judge was Ms Anna Chandy. She became first grade Zila Munsif in 1937, in 1948 she became a district judge and in 1959 she became Kerala High Court judge.
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